Excessive or improper use of disinfectants can lead to a decrease in their effectiveness and contribute to the appearance of mutations in some pathogens, The Conversation reported referring to citing a number of scientific studies.
For example, over-treating hands with alcohol can create bacteria resistance to antimicrobials as conditional antiseptics destroy the elements of bacterial DNA, but they stimulate mutations and the development of immunity to drugs. Therefore, – at least in theory – false methods of protection can cause new outbreaks of infections and increase mortality.
Experts also note that the effectiveness of household chemicals against viruses has not been proven. The components that make up dishwashing, cleaning, or laundry products include alcohols, quaternary ammonium compounds, phenols, hydrogen peroxide, benzalkonium chloride, and triclosan. Many chemical compounds can harm the skin of the hands and the body as a whole.
To avoid all these problems, experts advise treating antiseptics as a medicine – use them for a limited time and by the instructions.