In summer, due to the arrival of heat and the traditional surge of intestinal diseases, experts often talk about enteroviruses.
Enteroviruses are classified as ubiquitous (from the Latin word ubique – everywhere, in everything) organisms, that is, ubiquitous. They can be transmitted from person to person either by direct or indirect contact. They infect people of all ages, experts write in “Arguments and Facts”. However, children most often suffer from infections caused by such viruses.
Enteroviruses are a group of pathogens. Traditionally they are divided into 5 groups:
- coxsackie: 2 groups – A and B;
Viruses are stable in the external environment, but can die at temperatures above 50 degrees: for example, at a temperature of 60 degrees they are inactivated in 6-8 minutes, and at a temperature of 100 degrees – instantly. Under normal conditions, viruses can survive up to 65 days – longer in wastewater.
Soil, water and food become natural reservoirs for such viruses. Also, the human body can act as a reservoir. He develops a ‘healthy virus carrier’, when he is able for quite a long time – we are talking about several weeks – to release the virus into the external environment.
The main route of transmission is fecal-oral. Moreover, it can pass both through food and through water, and also by contact-household way. The airborne route of transmission is less likely to work.
The incubation period for an infection caused by such viruses is 2-35 days, but more often we are talking about the fact that the disease manifests itself in 3-5 days. Scientists notice that enteroviruses can lead to unpredictable pathologies.
Against the background of infection with enteroviruses, diseases such as:
- aseptic meningitis;
- myalgia and myocarditis;
- herpetic sore throat;
- acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis and many others.
The main defense against infection is personal hygiene. Bottled water should be chosen if the region of stay is endemic. Hands should be washed thoroughly after the street, vegetables and fruits should also be carefully processed before they are eaten.