The real number of deaths from COVID-19 may be 3 times higher than the official data: this difference can be explained by problems with diagnosis and with the reporting of deaths.
According to Medportal.ru, according to official data, 5.9 million people died from COVID-19 between January 1, 2020, and December 31, 2021. A new study published in The Lancet estimates that there were 18.2 million additional deaths over the same period, more than 3 times as many. This suggests that there could have been many more deaths due to the pandemic.
Excess mortality is the excess of the observed death rate over the expected value. It is a key indicator of the true number of deaths due to the pandemic.
Large differences between excess death rates and official data may be the result of inadequate diagnosis due to lack of testing and problems with reporting deaths.
Scientists say it is important to distinguish between deaths caused directly by COVID-19 and those that occurred as a result of indirect exposure to the pandemic. Data from initial studies show that a large proportion of excess deaths are a direct result of COVID-19. However, deaths may also have occurred indirectly from causes such as suicide or drug use, due to behavioral changes or lack of access to health care and other basic services during the pandemic.